Dog domestication, caffeine, fecal transplants and more in this week’s LabBook, our weekly roundup of University of Chicago Medicine & Biological Sciences research news from our blogs, around campus and the internet.
Last two weeks on the blog:
- The genomes of modern dogs and wolves show that they evolved from a common ancestor before humans transitioned to agriculture, contrary to the popular tale of domestication.
- Researchers from UChicago are testing to see if caffeine can be used to help people wake up more quickly from general anesthesia.
- We spoke to Neil Shubin, Peggy Mason and Inbal Bartal about their recent discoveries on early evolution and empathetic behavior in our January podcast episode.
- David Rubin, co-director of the UChicago Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, says we need to slow down the rush to use fecal transplants to treat patients with IBD.
- A new study shows that poor-quality sleep can speed cancer growth and dampen the immune system’s ability to control or eradicate early cancers.
- As Peyton and his unstoppable offense prepares to butt heads with the immovable defense of the Seahawks in the Super Bowl, we ask Dr. David Frim, “What is a concussion?”
From our partner blog UChicago Cancer Conversations:
- As we wrap up Cervical Cancer Awareness Month, Dr. Nita Lee writes about the importance of early detection for cervical cancer.
Research in the news:
- Earlier this month, Herbert C. Friedmann, PhD’58, an authority on bacterial enzymes, the biosynthesis of vitamin B12 and the history of biology, and a role model for rigorous and effective teaching, died from injuries sustained in a fall. He was 86 years old. Friedmann, an associate professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, taught biochemistry to college and graduate students at the University for almost 50 years.
- The news coverage for Peggy Mason and Inbal Bartal’s recent work showing how rats display empathy toward others of their kind continued, as Yahoo! News and LiveScience featured the study in an op-ed.
- And in a piece from the Los Angeles Times about a Swiss study showing that ancient fish had the DNA to develop finger-like structures, Neil Shubin spoke about the connections to his recent work on Tiktaalik, the ancient amphibious creature that may have been our first ancestor to walk on land.