An inflammatory protein, Tommy John surgery, butterflies and more in this week’s LabBook, our weekly roundup of University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences research news from our blogs, around campus and the internet.
Last two weeks on the blog:
- UChicago researchers find the elusive beginnings of some of the immune system’s front line defenders.
- A supercomputer housed at Argonne National Laboratory is built for speed, analyzing 240 full genomes in about two days.
- David Frim, chief of the Section of Neurosurgery at the University of Chicago Medicine, talks about what you should do if you or your child have suffered a concussion.
- In a new study, a team from the University of Chicago Medicine found that an increase in a protein called beta-catenin in T cells causes chronic inflammation in the intestine and colon, eventually leading to cancer.
- UChicago orthopedic surgeons found no significant difference in pitch velocity between players who underwent Tommy John surgery and those who were never injured.
- A new study analyzing the origins of fish fins thought to be vestigial finds that they actually arose repeatedly and independently in multiple species.
- UChicago’s Marcus Kronforst finds that just a single gene regulates the complex wing patterns, colors and structures for wing mimicry in butterflies.
- UChicago biologist Trevor Price and his team discover a new family of birds containing just one species living in Asia.
From our partner blog UChicago Cancer Conversations:
- Dr. Diane Yamada writes about a new study on ovarian cancer that raises important questions about just how much women can reduce their risk with proactive surgery.
- Doctors successfully treat a woman diagnosed with rectal cancer just weeks after she found out she was pregnant–and help deliver a healthy baby girl.
- Dr. Stanley Liauw is heading to Tanzania to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro and help build a cancer clinic in a nearby town.
Research around the web:
- UChicago anthropologist Russell Tuttle’s new book explores how apes and humans evolved side by side.
- Marcus Kronforst’s latest discovery on how one gene controls butterfly mimicry was covered widely by Nature, National Geographic and the LA Times, among others.
- Michael Coates’ work on the convergent evolution of fish fins was also featured in the Scientist.
- Speaking of fish, PBS came out with another slick promo for Neil Shubin’s “Your Inner Fish” series coming this spring.
- Finally, recent breakthroughs have led some to ask if genetic medicine is finally living up to the promises made when the first human genome was mapped in 2000. This piece in Reuters features one such example of how UChicago cardiac geneticist helped diagnose and treat a women with a rare form of muscular dystrophy.