LabBook December 19, 2014

The American Heart Association recently donated more than $825,000 for heart and vascular research at UChicago Medicine. Here, Medical Center President Sharon O'Keefe and Dr. James Liao, Chief of Cardiology, accept a check from Fawn Lopez and Brian Shields of the AHA.

The American Heart Association recently donated more than $825,000 for heart and vascular research at UChicago Medicine. Here, Medical Center President Sharon O’Keefe and Dr. James Liao, Chief of Cardiology, accept a check from Fawn Lopez and Brian Shields of the AHA.

This week’s rundown of recent research publications of note from University of Chicago scientists and physicians:

Life in a World without Microbes: including Jack Gilbert — PLOS Biology

From the abstract: “In order to promote discussion about the value of microbial services supporting life on this planet, we explore the opportunities and challenges of a microbe-free existence … We argue that despite myriad fundamental roles that microorganisms contribute to human and environmental function, it would be false to claim that macroscopic life cannot exist without microbes. However, although life would persist in the absence of microbes, both the quantity and quality of life would be reduced drastically.”

Risk factors for cost-related medication non-adherence among older patients with diabetes: James Zhang, Jhee Lee and David Meltzer — World Journal of Diabetes

From the abstract: “To assess the risk factors for cost-related medication non-adherence (CRN) among older patients with diabetes in the United States, [w]e used data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study to assess risk factors for CRN including age, drug insurance coverage, nursing home residence, functional limitations, and frequency of hospitalization … These results suggest that expanding prescription coverage to uninsured, sicker, and community-dwelling individuals is likely to produce the largest decreases in CRN.”

Racial disparities in outcomes following PEA and asystole in-hospital cardiac arrests: including  Matthew Churpek, Trevor Yuen, Monica Peek and Dana Edelson — Resuscitation

From the abstract: “To define the racial differences present after [pulseless electrical activity] PEA and asystolic [in-hospital cardiac arrests] IHCA and explore factors that could contribute to this disparity … Black patients are less likely to experience [return of spontaneous circulation] ROSC and survival to discharge after PEA or asystole IHCA. Individual patient characteristics, event characteristics, and hospital characteristics don’t fully explain this disparity. It is possible that disease burden and end-of-life preferences contribute to the racial disparity.”

About Matt Wood (507 Articles)
Matt Wood is a senior science writer at the University of Chicago Medicine and nonfiction editor for Another Chicago Magazine.
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