Biological Sciences

Deciphering biology’s Rosetta Stone

August 26, 2015

An innovative approach developed by Tao Pan, PhD, and colleagues enables high-throughput transfer RNA sequencing, which allows scientists to better understand the translation of protein sequences and the role of tRNA in diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. [Read More]

Rethinking RNA

August 18, 2015

It’s a new day for RNA. Michael Werner, sixth-year graduate student in Cell and Molecular Biology, describes the discovery of a new class of RNA molecule that could perhaps be considered the "dark matter" of the genome. [Read More]

Octopus genome sequenced

August 12, 2015

The first whole genome analysis of an octopus has been completed by an international team of scientist led by Clifton Ragsdale, associate professor of neurobiology and organismal biology and anatomy. Their findings reveal the unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of octopus traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage. [Read More]

Decoding the brain

August 6, 2015

Across the University of Chicago neuroscientists are taking advantage of powerful tools to research virtually every aspect of the brain. In the first of a four-part series, Science Life looks at the efforts of Nicho Hatsopolous, PhD, professor of organismal biology and anatomy and chair of the Committee on Computational Neuroscience, as he works to decode the brain. [Read More]

The genes that make a woolly mammoth a woolly mammoth

July 2, 2015

In the first study of its kind, a team of researchers led by Vincent Lynch, PhD, assistant professor of human genetics at the University of Chicago, comprehensively analyzed the mammoth genome. They found extensive genetic changes that allowed mammoths to adapt to arctic life. The study also serves as a blueprint for "de-extincting" the mammoth, but whether it should be done is another question. [Read More]
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